The Swedish Police Authority Swedish: Polismyndigheten is the central administrative authority for the police in Swedenresponsible for law enforcementgeneral social order and public safety within the country. The agency is headed by the National Police Commissionerwho is appointed by the Government and has the sole responsibility for all activities of the police. Although formally organised under the Ministry of Justicethe Swedish police is—similar to other authorities in Sweden—essentially autonomous, in accordance with the constitution.
The first modern police force in Sweden was established in the midth century, and the Arresting policeman remained in effect under local government control up untilwhen it was nationalized and became increasingly centralized,  to finally organize under one authority January 1, Concurrent with this change, the Swedish Security Service formed its own agency.
The first modern police force in Sweden was Arresting policeman in the mids. In rural areas, the king's bailiffs fogde were responsible for law and order until the establishment counties in the s. The cities financed and organized various watchmenwho patrolled the streets.
The city guard was organized, uniformed and armed like a military unit; responsible for interventions Arresting of policeman various crimes and the arrest of suspected criminals. The civilian unit monitored compliance with city ordinances relating to—for example—sanitation issues, traffic and taxes. The office of Police Commissioner polismästare was created, with the first title holder being Nils Henric Liljensparrewho was given command of the civilian unit responsible for law and order in the city, now partly financed by the State.
In Arresting of policeman mids, during a time of widespread social unrest, it became increasingly clear that law enforcement didn't function properly.
Inthe March Unrestbroke out on the streets of Stockholm, inspired by a wave of revolutions in Europe. Large crowds vandalized the city, shouting slogans of reform and calling for the abolition of monarchy. King Oscar I responded with military force, killing thirty. The office was a mixture of police chief, Arresting of policeman official and lower-level prosecutor, who in turn was assisted by a number of part-time police officers fjärdingsmän. More police officers were duly employed, some dubbed "extra police", devoted much more exclusively to police work.
The title of Police Constable poliskonstapel was used for the first time in Sweden, and the police were also given their own uniforms and was armed with batons and sabers. The police also began to specialize.
Infor example, four constables were put in charge of criminal investigationsthus creating the first detective bureau in Sweden. In the early s, the Swedish police had yet to uniformly organize or become regulated in legislation. The system of "extra police" did Arresting of policeman work well, partly because it was often a temporary position lacking job securitymaking it difficult to recruit and retain skilled personnel.
Officers began wearing the same dark-blue uniforms nationwide, with the same weapons and helmets. In rural areas, the detective work were Arresting of policeman often rudimentary. Accordingly, the Swedish State Police statspolisen was established inwhich would complement the municipal police.
The Swedish police continued to be organized under local government control for more than 30 years. The lack of co-ordination made police work difficult on a national level, and ineffective in an increasingly mobile world, which prompted the nationalization of the Swedish police in The National Police Board rikspolisstyrelsen was the central administrative authority, primarily tasked with coordinating and supporting the local police.
Arresting policeman local police was reduced to districts, led by a District Police Commissioner, answering to a Chief Commissioner at the County Administrative Board. The role of the police is described in the Police Act of The Act states that the police should prevent crime, monitor public order and safety, carry out criminal investigations, provide protection, information and other assistance to the public, along with other responsibilities as prescribed under special provisions.
A permit is for example required when arranging a protest march or holding a public event, such as a concert. Permits are also required for using public space to sell goods, serve food or beverages. Inclose tocriminal record extracts were ordered by the public — almost double that of There was more than 6, applications for demonstrations or public gatherings in up from 2, in This category also has the lowest proportion of crimes investigated.
Swedish government authorities enjoy a high degree of independence. Under the Instrument of Governmentneither the Government nor individual ministers have the right to influence how an agency decide in a particular case or on the application of legislation. This also applies to the Swedish police, who instead is governed by general policy instruments, such as laws passed by the Riksdag and by the appointment of executives. The Commissioner holds regular meetings a non-executive Public Council to satisfy the need for transparency  and is assisted by the Commissioner's Office, tasked with managerial Arresting of policeman and performance management.
Six of the eight national departments are responsible for various support processes needed for day-to-day operations e. Furthermore, there is an internal auditing unit, reporting directly to the Commissioner, and the Special Investigations Division. The internal auditing unit review and propose changes to the internal control and governance of the agency, while the Special Investigations Division deal with professional misconduct.
"Arresting of policeman" number of employees have increased with approximately 18 per cent since Management Support Core activity. The Government also appoints a member non-executive council, alongside the Commissioner, to satisfy the need for transparency and citizen participation.
The commissioner serves as chairman of the council Arresting policeman has an obligation to keep the council informed of the activities of the police, especially on matters concerning professional misconduct.
The council should in turn monitor and give counsel to the police.
It is required to meet six times per year and must be composed of at least one member from each party serving the Riksdag, and should beyond that proportionally reflect the election results. Police regions are also similarly mandated to have a public council, but are instead led by a Regional Police Chief. The National Operations Department Nationella operativa avdelningen is tasked with assisting the local police regions and is in "Arresting of policeman" of international police cooperation and all national operations.
The department has the power to allocate extra resources, if needed, and has a mandate to initiate nationwide operations and activities. It is also responsible for investigating crimes as by law to be conducted at the national level, such as corruption and war crimes. Furthermore, it handles all contacts with the Swedish Security ServiceArmed Forces and the National Defence Radio Establishmentand manages sensitive information about terrorism and signals intelligence.
The department acts like as a secretariat for the Swedish Economic Crime Authorityand also supervise the National Task Forcealong with: The agency is organized into seven police regions, based on the geographical boundaries of several countieswhere each region has Arresting of policeman overall responsibility for the police work in their geographical area.
The work is organized under a regional secretariat, operations unit, an investigations unit and intelligence unit—all led by a Regional Police Chief.
Police regions generally investigate crime without a strong local connection and less common crimes, requiring specialized knowledge or the use of special surveillance methods or technologies not typically available at lower levels in the agency.
The work is organized under a secretariat, an investigations unit and intelligence unit, plus a unit for the local police areas—all led by a District Police Chief, who
Arresting of policeman turn answer to a Regional Police Chief.
The districts are responsible for, inter alia, serious crime or more complex criminal investigations e. Local police areas are based on the boundaries of one or more municipalitiesor in the case of larger metropolitan areasseveral boroughs. The local police is responsible for the majority of all police interventions, general crime prevention, the traffic policeas well as basic criminal investigation duties.
There are between employees in a typical local police area, or at least one local police officer per 5, inhabitants in disadvantaged areas. Ina government report expected that the local police would
Arresting of policeman for about 50 per cent of all police interventions, post-reorganization.
The Swedish police have a number of specially trained police officers equipped to deal with many different tasks, either organized under the National Operations Department or under a police region. In the Police reorganized its tactical capabilities under an umbrella known as NIK N ationella I nsats k onceptet, or the National intervention concept. NIK established a framework for the existing Arresting of policeman units then known as Piketen and the National Task Forceit also added regional intervention teams in the non-metropolitan units.
The main tactical units today are the Reinforced Regional Task Forces formerly known as Piketen, from the French word piquet which are tactical
Arresting of policeman units based in the major metropolitan areas of Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö.
These units are sometimes seconded to neighbouring districts in connection with rapidly evolving events. On 23 Augusta robbery in Stockholm devolved into a hostage-taking situation and subsequent six-day siege by the police. The phrase Stockholm syndrome was coined by the criminologist and psychiatrist Nils Bejerot in connection with the protracted siege, as a state where hostages start to sympathize with their captor.
Subsequently, units were formed in as the regular police force were deemed insufficiently trained and ill-equipped to deal with similar events. Today the unit is used for particularly difficult or dangerous operations and often work in teams with a crisis negotiator. It was originally formed in solely as a counter-terrorist task force in the wake of the assassination of Prime Minister Olof Palmeon the recommendations put forward by a Government inquiry.
The Swedish Marine Police sjöpolisen have around 12 boats in total at their disposal.
Most common types are high-performance RIBscapable of speeds up to 60 knots, or CBclass boats — metre patrol vessels, capable of speeds of up to 40 knots. There are about 80 marine police officers in half of which work only during the summer.
The marine police coordinate with several other agencies and organizations, like the Coast GuardCustoms Service and the Sea Rescue Society. The Swedish Police Air Support Unit polisflyget —organized the National Operations Department—employs approximately 60 personnel, currently operating seven Bell helicopters  from five different bases; ranging from Boden Arresting of policeman the far north to ÖstersundStockholmGothenburg and Malmö in the south.
The helicopter units are fully manned 24 hours a day, often tasked with providing aerial surveillance, assisting in vehicle pursuits, search and rescue operations. The helicopters are also used for transport, to reduce time to target during critical interventions by bomb technicians and officers of the National Task Force. It's yet to be specified if these are additional Bell 's. There are about police dogs with as many dog handlers, available to all police districts and used approximately 25,—30, times in total per year.
Police Region West has a national responsibility to coordinate, develop and review the regulatory framework for dog handlers. The region is also responsible for the dog training school. Operations are planned and carried out locally, according to a joint national concept developed by Police Region Stockholm. A number of sanctions and oversight functions exist to ensure that the application of legislation and the exercise of public authority are in compliance with regulations.
The most serious cases of professional misconduct may be prosecuted under the Swedish Penal Code as Arresting of policeman of office tjänstefelcarrying a maximum penalty of six years imprisonment. Other provisions may also apply. Less serious cases of misconduct or negligent performance of duties may lead to disciplinary action in the form of a warning, wage deduction or ultimately dismissal.
Additionally, internal review and control is managed by the Special Investigations Division Avdelningen för särskilda utredningaran independent
Arresting of policeman within the Swedish Police Authority. The division is responsible for investigating crimes committed by police employees, including civilian employees and off-duty officers, and complaints filed against prosecutors, judges Arresting of policeman police students. Officers work closely with a special chamber of prosecutors reporting directly
Arresting of policeman the Prosecutor-General of Swedentasked with leading investigations and deciding which cases should be processed.
The division is also obliged to provide support to other external supervisory authorities. Other common complaints were assault and theft. The prosecutor decided not to initiate an investigation in 71 per cent of the cases. As of August [update]the recommendation is under consideration by various referral bodies.
Inthe police in Stockholm introduced a one-year practice-oriented education. The Swedish Police Authority (Swedish: Polismyndigheten) is the central administrative The first modern police force in Sweden was established in the midth for interventions against various crimes and the arrest of suspected criminals. Police had dispersed the demonstration after a policeman was injured when stones were thrown.